the wake of recent discoveries, a new way of seeing the physical
universe is emerging. The new vantage point emphasizes the role
of electricity in space and shows the negligible contribution
of gravity in cosmic events.
returned by high-powered telescopes and recent space probes
have challenged astronomers' long-standing assumptions about
galaxies and their constituent stars, about the evolution of
our solar system, and about the nature and history of Earth.
new discoveries also suggest that our early ancestors may have
witnessed awe inspiring electrical events in the heavens-the
source of myths and symbols around the world.
we are seeing things in space that were never imagined. We detect
magnetic fields everywhere, even in the empty depths
of intergalactic space. Magnetic fields cannot exist without
causative electric currents.
naked electric force is 39 orders of magnitude (a thousand billion
billion billion billion times) stronger than gravity. The visible
universe is constituted almost entirely of electrically active
the twentieth century the pioneers of plasma science inspired
a new school of investigation called plasma cosmology. Plasma
cosmologists suggest that electricity is the primary force organizing
spiral galaxies and the astonishing galactic clusters now seen
in deep space.
cosmology has achieved surprising success in predicting major
discoveries of the space age. This new perspective does not
require purely theoretical inventions like the Big Bang, dark
matter, dark energy, neutron stars, or Black Holes.
Electric Universe extends the findings of plasma
cosmology to the formation and evolution of stars and their
of the Electric Universe suggest that there are no isolated
islands in the universe. All objects in space, from subatomic
particles to galactic clusters, are connected by manifestations
of the electric force acting in realtime.
are formed at the intersections of galactic current filaments
in dusty space plasma.
is electricity that continues to energize the stars in a form
of glow discharge, our Sun included. This external power source
explains why the temperature of the Sun increases above the
photosphere, to coronal temperatures of 2 million degrees.
plasma feedback effects maintain a steady output of visible
solar radiation while variations in power input show up in the
familiar sunspot cycle. It is in the nature of a glow discharge
that all stars possess a weak electric field beyond the corona.
charged particles of the solar wind move away from the Sun,
they continue to be accelerated due to the Sun's electric field.
size of a star and its color are determined electrically and
may change suddenly. Novae and supernovae are the explosive
response of stars to a power surge in their galactic circuit.
are electrically charged bodies moving on elliptical orbits
through the Sun's interplanetary electric field. A comet's swift
radial movement as it approaches the Sun, develops arcing on
the nucleus. The arcs produce jets of dust and ions that form
the coma and visible tails.
comets are solid rocks with dry surfaces. The sharply defined
features of comet nuclei make clear that they are not dirty
snowballs sublimating in the Sun. Due to the electric
force, a comet can entrain a mass of hydrogen from the Sun greater
than the mass of the comet's nucleus. The unexpected X-rays
of a cometary discharge can reach 2 million degrees.
nuclei reveal deeply cratered and blackened surfaces due to
electric arcing. Since comet nuclei are eroded electrically,
they could not survive across eons of solar system history.
Many comets were born in catastrophic events only a few thousand
the recent history of the solar system, its electrical environment
changed. Under changing electrical conditions planetary orbits
changed as well.
approaches of planets led to powerful electric arcing between
planets and moons. All rocky bodies in the solar system show
the massive scars of these kinds of electrical events.
discharge scarring is occurring even now on Jupiter's closest
moon, Io, and on Saturn's moon, Enceladus.
activity continues on Mars, driving "dust devils"
the size of Mount Everest - created by the electrical differential
between the surface of Mars and surrounding space.
of the dominant surface features of Mars show the patterns of
electric discharge, suggesting that in the past a vast quantity
of material was excavated electrically from Mars.
was an interplanetary arc that created the Martian Valles Marineris,
the largest known scar on a solid planet. Much of the rocky
material exploding from Mars became comets, asteroids, and meteorites.
Some of the material arc machined from the Martian surface is
still reaching the Earth today.