We can see
thus that Bolivia and Peru formed the culture centre of America
due to the colony or colonies planted there by the Empire of
Sumer and Akkad, after its first colonisation by the earth-worshipping
peoples of the Mediterranean and then by the Indus valley peoples.
When the Empire fell, the colony would have become an independent
state, trading on its own account with any ships that came through
form the Mediterranean.
for contact abounds. Carbon dating gives a figure of 3600 B.C.
to the first known traces of South America cotton growing.
a crop, as we have seen, which presumes a more elaborate technology
behind it, for cleaning it and spinning it, than for the cultivation
of food crops. The only area in the Old World in which cotton
was being grown at this time was the Indus Valley. For the simpler
forms of agriculture the growing of red-peppers, bottle-gourds,
avocados and squash, the Time/Life book on nutrition
gives the early date of 7000 B.C. and the place the Pacific
coast of Mexico.
had no pottery but used bottle-gourds. While their stone implements
were primitive they themselves wove cloth, mostly of cotton.
And the chromosomes of early Peruvian cotton have been examined
to prove that the cotton used was a hybrid between New World
cotton and Old World cotton. From this alone, the only reasonable
conclusion is that immigrants from Old World, who were agriculturists,
had taken cotton with them to Peru.
excavating in Peru came across thousands of fragments, and some
intact fruits, of the bottle-gourd Lagenavia Siceraria,
in the mound at Hueca Prieta, at a level of carbon dated to
2500 B.C. This gourd is probably native to tropical Africa or
south-east Asia. It could not, apparently, have floated across
the ocean and its seeds remained fertile.
miles from Lima, on a bare desert overlooking the Pacific, stand
the remains of the city Pachacamak. The city once had a population
of several hundred thousand people. It was the holy city of
Old Peru and it is quite probable that the supreme culture-bringer
lies buried there. It is a Peruvian city of the greatest antiquity.
Of the vast amounts of goods excavated form its graves and rubble
is a tapestry, whose symbols are substantially the Hittite script.
evidence for the culture contact can be brought. The Chimus
in Peru used double jugs, connected, with a single spout; similar
rather curious jugs are also found among the Cretan and Etruscan
God-Kings and The Titans by James Bailey