THE COLONIES IN PERU
We can see thus that Bolivia and Peru formed the culture centre of America due to the colony or colonies planted there by the Empire of Sumer and Akkad, after its first colonisation by the earth-worshipping peoples of the Mediterranean and then by the Indus valley peoples. When the Empire fell, the colony would have become an independent state, trading on its own account with any ships that came through form the Mediterranean.
Evidence for contact abounds. Carbon dating gives a figure of 3600 B.C. to the first known traces of South America cotton growing.
Cotton is a crop, as we have seen, which presumes a more elaborate technology behind it, for cleaning it and spinning it, than for the cultivation of food crops. The only area in the Old World in which cotton was being grown at this time was the Indus Valley. For the simpler forms of agriculture the growing of red-peppers, bottle-gourds, avocados and squash, the Time/Life book on nutrition gives the early date of 7000 B.C. and the place the Pacific coast of Mexico.
The residents had no pottery but used bottle-gourds. While their stone implements were primitive they themselves wove cloth, mostly of cotton. And the chromosomes of early Peruvian cotton have been examined to prove that the cotton used was a hybrid between New World cotton and Old World cotton. From this alone, the only reasonable conclusion is that immigrants from Old World, who were agriculturists, had taken cotton with them to Peru.
An archaeologist excavating in Peru came across thousands of fragments, and some intact fruits, of the bottle-gourd Lagenavia Siceraria, in the mound at Hueca Prieta, at a level of carbon dated to 2500 B.C. This gourd is probably native to tropical Africa or south-east Asia. It could not, apparently, have floated across the ocean and its seeds remained fertile.
About ten miles from Lima, on a bare desert overlooking the Pacific, stand the remains of the city Pachacamak. The city once had a population of several hundred thousand people. It was the holy city of Old Peru and it is quite probable that the supreme culture-bringer lies buried there. It is a Peruvian city of the greatest antiquity. Of the vast amounts of goods excavated form its graves and rubble is a tapestry, whose symbols are substantially the Hittite script.
Additional evidence for the culture contact can be brought. The Chimus in Peru used double jugs, connected, with a single spout; similar rather curious jugs are also found among the Cretan and Etruscan ruins.
From The God-Kings and The Titans by James Bailey
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