Bronze altar (or breastplate) from Tiahuanaco with the Cretan spiral and the arrangement of two animals at the sides of a higher centerpiece, which is characteristic of the Old World civilization of Luristan, just north of Sumer.

Much Peruvian skill in their early days went into the development of an irrigation system along the dry coastal belt. Here they deflected the rivers taking the water that ran westwards from the Andes to develop rich agricultural areas out of the rainless sand. They commonly did this with the aid of irrigation canals. However, they also tapped underground waters by digging into the sloping ground horizontal wells called guanats. Theses were long tunnels with frequent vertical shafts for ventilation. This very specialised system for collecting water is used in the Middle East to this day.

Tradition held that the Incas were red or brown-haired. Being red-haired was a characteristic of certain sea-people and was totally foreign to American Indians. According to legend, when the first Inca, Manko-Kapak, appeared in Lake Titicaca he declared himself, atavistically, King of the ‘Four-Corners of the Earth’. Corresponding to this in the Old World was the king’s title, ‘Lord of the Four Regions of the Earth’.

Both Sumerians and Incan places a metal disc or obol in the mouth of a corpse. Artificial tears of various materials were placed on the face-covering of mummy-masks in South America as in Egypt.

Carbon dating has given a precision to the prehistory of Peru previously lacking and has pushed back the dates now given to the commencement of certain technical developments fixing them many years earlier than had previously been claimed.

Edward P. Lanning, in his book Peru before the Incas, gives us the picture of what recent research has found. For the firs cultivation of cotton in America he gives, as we have seen, the date of 3600 B.C. in Central Peru and 3400 B.C. in Southern Mexico.

The mummies in the dry parts of South America were allowed to dry out. In the damper parts, they were eviscerated and treated with resin and oil, as in ancient Egypt.

The Peruvians also used cups, plates, spoons and goblets, as in the Old World.

From The God-Kings & The Titans by James Bailey